Gender Based Violence survey
Youth Alive Zambia (YAZ) is willing to intensify the activities regarding gender based violence. YAZ wants to contribute to the reduction of gender based violence and wants to raise the awareness among youths, parents, teachers and other stakeholders. YAZ is willing to conduct various activities. To plan these efficiently volunteers from Youth Alive Zambia carried out a baseline survey regarding personal experiences of violence in general, gender based violence specifically, their opinions and attitudes, human rights and the understanding of gender roles in the Zambian society.
270 questionnaires were distributed in 5 different schools in 5 different grades. The participating schools were Cobet school (grade 8), St. Paul school (grade 9), Munali Boys school (grade 10), Matero Girls school (grade 11) and Olympia High (grade12). Among the participants 45,45% were males, 54,55% were females, 19,22% were in the age range between 12 and 14 years, the majority of 72,55% were between 15 and 18 years old and 8,24% were in the age range of 19-22 years.
Some results were quite unexpected and shocking. Experiences of physical, psychological and sexual violence are widespread through young people and for many young people they belong to daily life. ¾ have made experiences with violence. Over the half experienced severe abusive words, almost 50% were beaten and 42% were victims of sexual violence. Every 10th person experienced forced sex, 12% sex for favor and almost 20% was touched at their private parts. Parents are involved violent acts. In 30% of the cases parents beat or use severe abusive words. Many young people (40%) do not tell anybody their experiences and only 20% talk with the parents. Just 20% go to a higher authority and only 13% to a NGO, who is specified in gender based violence.
There were also some interesting findings regarding the opinions and attitudes regarding gbv. Almost 20% say that beating the wife is not an act of violence, over 20% say that beating a child is an adequate form of educating the children and that sex for favor is not an act of violence. Over 25% expressed that sex against the will of the partner is not an act of violence and 1/3 said that rape within the marriage does not exist.
Some gender inequalities can be seen in the following findings: Over 20% said that girls should not have the same job opportunities than boys. 44% expressed that males should have the authority in a relationship and 46% said that males should have the responsibility for the families money. 17% of the young people have the opinion, that woman should not have a say if she wants to have sex with the husband and 50% say that a girl/a woman should not have the right to propose for love, marriage or sex to a man.
It was seen that there were big difference among the various schools/communities and among the sexes.
Did you expect these findings and results? We are looking forward to your comments!!!!!